You Won’t Believe That These Monuments Were Destroyed And Rebuilt Again
History can be baffling at times. Tragedies can strike anything, anyone, and at any time. We love and adore the historic structure in our countries. They stand as a symbol of the rich culture and history of our place. Many a time, these historical monuments are struck by disasters and become the first target of the enemies during any scene of war and terror. It is a painful sight to see these monuments being reduced to rubble by bombs or fire but most often, restoration work is taken up to rebuild the beauties. Here is a list of some of the famous monuments and buildings around the world that were destroyed during wars and strikes and were restored later. We bet you didn’t know about half of these monuments.
The White House, Washington, DC
The White House was burnt down to ashes in 1814 by the British troops. Moreover, before burning down the White House, they sat down at the empty White House and dined to celebrate their victory in the Battle of Bladensburg, setting the building on fire later. The first lady, Dolley and James Madison managed to escape safely. The reconstruction work of the building was taken over by James Hoban, the architect of the original building. There have been numerous restorations since then.
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Reims, France
The cathedral was severely damaged during the bombings carried out by the Imperial German Army in 1914. Several statues, windows and the upper facade of the cathedral were destroyed. The consistent bombings destroyed a large part of the monument. It was eventually rebuilt in 1938 and renovations are carried out every couple of years.
Parliament Hill, Canada
Historians still have no clue how the building caught fire that caused severe damage to it. It is assumed that the German saboteurs threw arson to destabilize the Canadian government. Seven people died in the fire and many others leapt out of the window to save their lives. Except for the library and the books inside it, nothing else was spared in the fire. The building now has been restored and you can notice the use of a different kind of stone in the library that still has been retained in the same design.
An unfortunate incident in 1950 when a monk who tried to immolate himself ended up setting the whole pavilion on fire. The Kinkaku-ji or the Temple of the Golden Pavilion was destroyed in the fire. It was rebuilt in 1955. The renovation included covering the temple in actual gold leaf as the monks believe that gold wards off any negative thoughts from a human’s mind.
St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna
This Gothic landmark was destroyed in an aerial attack during World War II. First, it was set on fire by civilians who wanted to loot the place and then, a bomb attack on the cathedral a day later destroyed the entire building. After the war ended, the reconstruction was immediately started and huge funds were donated by the Austrians for the rebuilding of the cathedral. The reconstruction work was completed in 1952.
Berlin Palace, Berlin
The German Democratic Republic destroyed the palace in 1950. In 1976, the palace of the Republic was built in its place. Later, after the reunification of Germany, plans were made to replace the new palace with the old one. Thus, the construction of the Berlin palace began.
York Minster Fire, England
A fire in 1984 engulfed the York Minster and damage of around 2.25 million pounds was estimated. Well, it did not take a lot of time to start the reconstruction of the monument. Many oak trees were donated to repair the roof and the stonework and bosses were recarved. It took nearly four years to complete the work. Looking at the building today, no one could tell that it was once badly destroyed in a fire.
Frauenkirche Church Bombings, Germany
Originally built in the 18th century, the dome of the building crumbled during a bomb attack. The monuments was turned into ruins and remained like that for around 45 years. The reconstruction work finally began in 1993 and was finally completed in 2000. Much of the design was retained and the rubble from the original church was recycled. You can spot the difference between the old and the new stones.
Fairmont Hotel, San Francisco
A devastating earthquake in 1906 that killed 3,000 people did not cause much damage to the Fairmont Hotel but the subsequent fires did. The damage was bad but the reconstruction started soon and the newly built Fairmont Hotel was ready by 1907. That was pretty swift.
The World Trade Centre Bombed, U.S
We all remember the deadly 9/11 attacks on the Twin Towers and the World Trade Centre. The buildings were badly damaged and the recovery work took around eight months. The WTC was reopened in 2006 and the centrepiece of the plaza is the tallest building in North America and was completed in 2013.
Sources: nbcnews.com, history.com, newsweek.com, interestingengineering.com, pietroriparbelli.bandcamp.com, en.wikipedia.org, britannica.com, passport.topix.com, hubjapan.io, gettyimages.com, planetware.com, u.osu.edu, csmonitor.com, bbc.com, jorvik.co.uk, telegraph.co.uk, tripsavvy.com, sf.curbed.com , orbitz.com, davidswanson.org, amusingplanet.org