These Old European Cities Are So Historically Rich That You Cannot Resist Visiting Them
European cities have their own charm and some these were established centuries ago. But they are still are quite popular among tourists. Their rich history and cultural heritage leave people spellbound. The castles, archaeological ruins and the cathedrals are worth visiting once in your lifetime. The stories of the empires that rule them and how these places evolved over the years are interesting too. Many of these places also had a different name when they were established. Read on to find out which are the oldest cities in Europe and the rich-historical stories that surround these places.
Messina today, is one of the largest ports in Sicily and is hugely populated with Greeks who mainly speak in their native language. It was set up by the Greeks in the 8th century BC as a stop across the Strait of Sicily. Due to its crescent shape, it was earlier called as Zancle and was later renamed as Messina. The next one on this list is a favourite of many historians.
One of the oldest Italian cities, Cagliari was established by the Phoenicians in the 8th century BC and was called Karaly. Later renamed to Caralis in the Middle Ages, Cagliari is one of the largest ports. The century-old cathedrals and the museums here attracts hundreds of visitors each year.
Another old city in Spain which dates back to the 8th century BC, Malaga is the birthplace of the great painter, Pablo Picasso. You can spot many art enthusiasts visiting this city as well as history fans. The city’s rich historical heritage can be seen in the archaeological remains and the monuments. You must visit this next city if you want to learn more about the rich history of Europe.
With less than 5,000 residents, Vani is one of the oldest towns in Europe. It used to be ruled by the Colchis, a Greek group in the 7th and 8th century. Though the town hasn’t developed much in modern times, if you want to learn more about the history of the place, there is an archaeological museum for you to visit. The next one on this list is an obvious one.
The ancient city of Rome had to be on this list. The historic ruins in Rome, the Roman Forum and Colosseum are the best-preserved historic ruins of the city. The story of how the city was established is quite interesting too. It is said that the twins Romulus and Remus were raised by a she-wolf.
It is said that the Phoenicians set up their homes in Palermo in 734 BC but drawings on the caves here suggest that life existed here as early as 8000 BC. Palermo is the capital os Sicily and today is one of the major tourist spots. The cathedrals here are worth a visit. If you want to experience a mix of old and new, then visit this next city in Spain.
The city dates back to the 800s BC. Established as Hispalis by the Romans, it was renamed as Ishbiliyya by the Muslims who conquered it in 712. Seville has the perfect mix of the old and new medieval attractions and is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Spain.
Founded in the 11th century BC, Mytilene has many beautiful waterfront restaurants and the Castle of Mytilene is a must-visit which was constructed in the 6th century. It is considered to be one of the most culturally enlightened cities in Greece. The next city is steeped in great history and offers some breathtaking natural beauty.
This coastal town was established in 1000 BC and is one of the oldest cities in Croatia. Zadar is a World Heritage Site of UNESCO today and has become a major tourist attraction. The culture of this place is heavily influenced by Venice and Hungary. The next place on this list offers a lot of medieval attractions.
The history of this place dates back to the 1100 BC and geographically, it is closer to Turkey than Greece. This explains the many Greek and Turkish battles the city has seen in the past. The city is famous for its beautiful beaches and the medieval Castle of Chios is a major attraction here.
Which of these you have already visited and which ones are the favourite on your list. Seville in Spain sounds quite popular among many tourists.
Sources: swedishnomad.com; therazytourist.com; sardinianbeaches.com; thenational.ae;georgiantravelguide.com;globalpsa.com; travel.earth; globalpsa.com; loveexploring.com; lesvos.com; roughguides.com; izkiz.net.