Welcome to Back To The Fact, a new website dedicated to all things history with nothing off-limits and the most in-depth and unknown material from the most significant periods in time. We started this site to attract those who would never normally get invested in History based articles by presenting them in the simplest and most interesting way possible to keep you hooked. We break down the biggest periods in history with the most important key facts to give you the best understanding of that specific time and topic. Your historical knowledge will excel as you read our entertaining and informative topics with a mix of news and features throughout the site. To kick things off, we are going to be commemorating Women’s History Month by looking at the impact of women and their role in History and just how far they have come from one-hundred years ago. It is important to recognize the dignity and accomplishments of women throughout History from our own families and those from other backgrounds. They have gone through a lot to get to where they are right now, but it has been a long difficult road, so they deserve everything they have right now. We’re going to dissect just what they went through and how the role of a woman has changed in the past one hundred years. Women’s History Month runs for the month of March which is an annual declared month dedicated to the contributions of women in history and highlighting the issues that they are facing worldwide in today’s society. It is celebrated every year to coincide with International Women’s Day on the 8th of March. There has never been a time in history where women have not come face to face with diversity issues, and as much as we like to think that it is a past issue, it is still prominent in today’s society. But before we get into the issues faced by women today, let’s go back in time to where the role of a woman was entirely different, exactly one-hundred years ago. The 1920s were a dark time for women where they were almost seen as second class citizens with only limited rights and roles in society as they lay in the shadows of men. Up until 1920, women had to fight and work hard just to get the right to vote which they did successfully in 1920. This was a major stepping stone to what a woman could achieve in society and only encouraged them to work harder to get equal rights. The 1920s were a time of liberation for some women in America as their roles changed due to the hard work that they did during the war. The number of women working went up by 25% as the “housewife” stereotype was becoming outdated. Even their clothes began to change as they had more of a say with what they could wear, which was originally a strict code. But while these were the bright lights in dark times, most women were still housewives and didn’t have the same freedom as men. Without a man present, women could not open a bank account or have a passport, but this wasn’t their only restrictions. They could not serve on a jury, attend an Ivy League College, have certain kinds of jobs or wear whatever they wanted, among many other restrictions. Their right in society was limited, with companies hiring men for almost every position, with women having to settle for jobs like secretaries and cleaners. Instead of being encouraged to go out and get a job, they were pushed to marry young and have big families. This was the case for most women at the time, but over the next few decades, this began to change, with some leading figures in women’s history fighting for their rights. The 1950s was a major time in history for women in society as their role was greatly changed due to World War II. While the men were away fighting, the women took their jobs and were keen to keep them when they returned. This was the first big step to women holding big roles in society with them taking up professional roles in companies, schools, clerical jobs and service jobs. Some women did return to their roles at home, but the majority wanted to remain in their jobs and began applying for multiple positions that they never normally would. More and more women began to focus on work which put fear in society as social commentators thought because they were not at home to care for their children the whole time, it would have an impact on the child’s life. Many advertisements at this time in magazines and television were targeted at females and the role of motherhood, such as staying at home and being a mother over going out to work. “Have dinner ready, prepare yourself, prepare the children, minimize all noise, be happy to see him, listen to him, make the evening his” were the words in books in schools for girls for what they should do at home. This was apparently how to be the ideal woman and the “American way of life” for women. Marriage was the main goal for girls and how many kids they could have. While this was the main way of life for women, it became less appealing for them as they had a taste of the workplace with jobs during the war. This sprung the start of women’s feminism in the 1960s which would have a huge impact over time. From the 1900s to the 1950s, the role of a woman was clear, be a good stay at home mother and wife and abide by the restricted laws set out in society. This changed drastically from the 1960s to the 2000s. The way society viewed women and how women viewed themself changed completely. They became more confident of themselves and their ability to what they could achieve without a man present. The revival of feminine activism in the 1960s and 1970s is a key reason for this. This began the long fight for women to achieve independence and freedom. The number of female workers doubled in this period as they were represented in almost every 446 professions listed. This “housewife” stereotype was becoming outdated and boring, it needed a change and that’s what it got. Once they realized that there was a problem with this, it became quite easy to make a change and find a solution unique for each woman. The first step towards making this change was to say “no” to the old traditions of the stereotype, as a new life plan began to develop. This encouraged young women to see their future as independent women over stuck at home wives. Betty Freidman addressed American women in 1963 calling for them to be involved in massive numbers across every profession in the nation. We were about to see a major change in history that nobody could have seen coming. It would go on to become the most significant period in history for change with women in society, it was the start of something special that would never slow down. Without the success of the 60s and 70s, women may not have the life that they have now and could still be back in their stereotypical roles. Source: girltalkhq.com Shortly after this in the same year, a law was brought in to abolish wage disparity based on sex and did not allow workplaces to discriminate based on sex. This had a great impact on the feminist struggle which led to many new women’s organizations setting up, one of which was led by Betty Freidman in 1966 called the National Organization for Women(NOW). Spectacular feminist actions and protests happened throughout the seventies which gained huge media publicity. These movements got them so much attention that their issues could not be ignored anymore with multiple bills being drawn up during this time. Attitudes towards women and their role in society changed significantly from the end of the seventies into the eighties because of the women’s rights and feminist movements of the seventies. Even advertisements in magazines were taking notice and changing their presentation of women from mothers and housewives to them working with men in business and industry. This was only the beginning as these movements showed no sign of slowing down. The mid-1990s focused on the interpretation of gender and sexuality and anything that limited their rights or didn’t make them equal to men. The movements mainly focused on these issues and the empowerment of women which would go on to coin the term “Girl Power” which was an overused term during this time. The 90s were all about girl power and sex-positivity as they tried to encourage women of all ages to be confident in themselves and not be ashamed of who they are, they are powerful beautiful women. Musical acts like Destiny’s Child and The Spice Girls were leading figures in this as they became idolized by girls because they were strong independent women singing for women. The 1990s was such a breakthrough period for political women also as Ireland named Mary Robinson their first-ever female president. Black women were also elected to the South African government in 1994 for the first time which was a huge historical event. Four women were elected to the Senate in one year and the first woman appointed to the role of United States Attorney General. Women’s participation in the workforce grew to 60%, with their income also continuing to rise to match the men’s income. In 1979, young women made 68 cents to every dollar a male made, now it is 82 cents. Pop culture began to focus on strong, outspoken feminists in the making in movies and tv shows. They showed girls what it means to be a woman and that you can be anything that you want to be, nothing is off-limits. This was extremely significant as before this, there weren’t too many female idols for girls to look up to. As much as we may dispute their music, they were needed in society and in the media. At the turn of the 2000s, women began to have more equal rights every day and their jobs were seen as more stable than men, especially during the recession. It has been classed as the “Feminist Era” with women taking leaps forward in every area whether it was work, fashion or politics, among others. Hilary Clinton became an idol for women as she ran for President of the United States, the first female to ever run for the presidency. Men and women’s roles have become less strictly defined as any gender can work in any role these days. Most families have both parents working with the role of the stereotypical housewife changing completely with certain men taking up the role. The 2000s is when the most change happened for women’s rights as society became more acceptant of their equal rights. Quite a lot of what happened during this time is the reason we have the society that we live in today that is thought to be the best it has ever been for women. Women are more powerful than ever in this day and age with more women involved in politics than ever before. One of the best examples of this is a young 17-year-old Swedish activist named Greta Thunberg who has started a worldwide movement for climate change making her one of the most powerful female forces in the world in 2020. She was even named Time’s Person Of The Year in 2019. She embodies everything that women have fought to be over a century ago. While women have made tremendous strides to get to where they are today, this hasn’t come without its share of problems. We need to take a deep look at our society who still don’t seem to be as acceptant of women as they should be. The feeling is that females are not getting the recognition that they deserve in certain areas, none much bigger than the Academy Awards, aka The Oscars. Female filmmakers and directors are commonly snubbed for the major nominations in the film industry, with the Oscars the most publicised. The industry has not been shown in the best of light recently with the sensational “Me Too Movement” taking the world by storm. This is a movement against sexual harassment and assault and to empower women through empathy and strength in numbers by demonstrating how women have been treated in the workplace. The movement began to spread virally in 2017 after sexual-assault allegations came out about Harvey Weinstein. This then prompted high-profile celebrities like Jennifer Lawrence, Uma Thurman and Gwenyth Paltrow to speak out about their experiences. There was widespread media coverage of this and a deeper look into sexual misconduct, especially in Hollywood. If there is one thing that society needs to change, it is the vulnerability of women as they are still being attacked and victimized which is unacceptable. This should not be happening, but it ultimately comes down to men who do not respect women, even though they come from women and fall in love with women, so why can’t they respect their women? The role of women has changed drastically in the past one-hundred years. They have gone from having limited rights and being seen as only sex-stereotypical roles to being some of the most powerful figures in the world who they have equal rights to express themselves and be equal in society with men. Changes in laws for women only began to occur during the 1960s and 1970s onwards where they started to have equal opportunities and privileges. How far women have come is phenomenal, at one stage they could not wear certain clothes or participate in voting which is crazy to think of. The women’s rights movement sought equal rights and opportunities and freedom for women making them the main factor behind the historical change. Women are almost excluded when brought up throughout history and only portrayed in their stereotypical roles. It is scary to think that these were the laws at the time that oppressed female growth. A lot has changed since then thanks to the many protests and stands taken against these idiotic laws that should never have been made. We would have to say that the biggest change to come was the opportunity. There are equal opportunities for women everyone now, which wasn’t always the case. While many women are thriving with their new equal rights, others are not so lucky in certain parts of the world where they do not enjoy equal opportunities, get an education or participate in politics. Women have done the hard part, now it is down to the rest of us as a society to take action to ensure they live an equal opportunities life of freedom, dignity and fairness. Without women, the world would not be what it is, we need them more than they need us.